Scientific Name - Viola spp.
Family - Violaceae
Diverse group composed of winter annuals and perennials. Perennials from rhizomes or long stolons. Many with heart-shaped leaves on long petioles. Other species with linear leaves or leaves palmately divided. Flowers range form purple to white to pink to yellow. Reproduces by seed and when produced, by rhizomes. Found throughout the continental states except for the High Plains. Also found in Canada, the West Indies, Mexico, Central and South America, Asia, Europe, Africa, Australia, and Hawaii.