St. Augustinegrass

Stenotaphrum secundatum                                                                         

A dark green, leafy perennial creeping by extensive stolons. It provides a rather coarse, spongy turf in areas of the deep south. Found from southern Florida into Georgia and around the Gulf Coast through Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. Occasionally cultivated in southern California.

Identifying Characteristics

  • Stolons: Present
  • Rhizomes: Absent
  • Leaves: Folded in the bud
  • Ligule: A short fringe of hairs
  • Collar: Broad, smooth, much constricted
  • Auricles: Absent
  • Sheaths: Compressed, flattened, with a prominent mid-vein, sometimes sparsely hair along the edges
  • Blades: Very short, smooth, at least 0.25 inch wide, with a 'boat-shaped' tip
  • Seedhead: A thick spike with few spikelets imbedded along the sides
  • Spikelets: Thick, elliptical, with one seed


  • Mowing Height: 2 to 3 inches
  • Establishment: Sod
  • Fertilization: 2 to 5 lbs/1000ft2/Year
  • Adaptation: Coastal Plains

St. Augustinegrass Front

St. Augustinegrass Back

Tolerance Table